- עָשַׁר(cmp. עְשַׁן) to be strong, substantial, wealthy. Hif. הֶעֱשִׁיר 1) (denom. of עָשִׁיר) to become wealthy. B. Bath.25b ושיַעֲשִׁיר and he who desires to become rich. Ber.33a הֶעֱשִׁירוּ קבעוהוכ׳ when they became wealthy, they made it a custom to recite the Habdalah over a cup. Meïl. 17a, v. עָנָה II, Hif. Ned.38a לאה׳ משהוכ׳ Moses became rich from the chips of the tablets; a. fr. 2) to make rich. Keth.48a לאו כל הימנו שיעשירוכ׳ he is not permitted to enrich his children and throw himself on the charities. Ḥull.84b (expl. עשתרת, Deut. 7:13) שמַעֲשִׁירוֹת את בעליהן Ar. (ed. שמְעַשְּׁרוֹת, Pi.) for they make their owners rich; Yalk. Deut. 848 שמעשרות. Cant. R. to VII, 11 (ref. to תעשרנה, Ps. 65:10) אם זכיתם תַּעֲשִׁיֶרנָּה ואם לאו תְּעַשְּׂרֶנָּהוכ׳ if you deserve well (it reads:) ‘thou makest her rich, if not, ‘thou reducest her to one-tenth, that she yield you only one-tenth; a. e. Pi. עִישֵּׁר same; v. supra. B. Bath. l. c., v. infra. Hithpa. הִתְעַשֵּׁר, Nithpa. נִתְעַשֵּׁר 1) to become rich. Sabb.119a; Taan.9a (play on עשר תעשר, Deut. 14:22) עַשֵּׂר בשביל שתִּתְעַשֵּׂרי give tithes in order that thou become rich. B. Bath. l. c. מתוך שמתחכם מִתְעַשֵּׁר for when he grows wise, he will also grow rich; (Ms. M. חכמתו מְעַשַּׁרְתּוֹ his wisdom makes him rich). Pes.50b עשרים … שלא יִתְעַשְּׁרוּ שאילמלי מִתְעַשְּׁרִיןוכ׳ the men of the Great Assembly held twenty-four fasts to pray that the copyists of sacred books might not become rich, for if they grew rich, they would not write; a. fr.( 2) (b. h.) to pretend to be rich, to pass for a rich man. Men.85b. Midr. Till. to Ps. 24.
Dictionary of the Targumim, the Talmud Babli and Yerushalmi, and the Midrashic Literature. Jastrow, Marcus. 1903.